Periodontics is the part of dentistry that treats gum problems. Periodontal treatment is aimed at eliminating the bacteria that produce the disease, correcting factors that make it more susceptible, such as tobacco, and certain dental alterations such as malpositions.
Finally, it is necessary to create the conditions so that the disease can be controlled in the long term.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of dental loss in adults.
At ICOA we are very aware of this problem and offer our patients the most advanced periodontal diagnostic, treatment and maintenance techniques.
Our diagnostic techniques:
- Digital periodontogram.
- Digital radiographic series and periodontal study using conical beam tomography (CBCT).
- Molecular analysis of periodontopathogenic bacterial DNA identification.
- Analysis of genetic markers to identify the genetic predisposition of the disease.
- Radical scaling and root planing using state-of-the-art ultrasound.
- Laser disinfection of the periodontal pockets.
- Laser disinfection of the periodontal pockets….
- Surgical techniques of reconstruction of periodontal defects: connective grafts, guided tissue regeneration, etc.
All our patients are instructed in the hygiene techniques they require according to their own oral characteristics.
Providing a maintenance and tracking system is the only way to keep the results achieved.
In the case of gingivitis it is sufficient an improvement of oral hygiene and periodontal prophylaxis that are preventive actions fast, simple and not at all annoying.
In periodontitis , a clinical and radiological periodontal study is first performed, in order to assess the situation at the time of beginning. Sometimes it is necessary to use complementary tests.
The basic phase of the treatment is aimed at eliminating bacteria from the periodontal pocket and is known as curettage or scaling. When the periodontal pocket is deeper it usually does not get a good control of the infection in the same So periodontal surgery is necessary. It is sometimes possible to recover part of the bone lost through regenerative techniques.
Periodontal cosmetic surgery encompasses a series of procedures that help maintain the harmony of the smile or to restore to normality the defects produced as a result of periodontitis or other causes. They are an aid to the dentist in performing many prosthetic and long-term treatments also help to preserve the health of the gingiva.
When the disease is controlled, periodontal maintenance begins. This is a fundamental step to achieve long-term control of periodontitis.
The treatment manages to stop periodontal disease indefinitely, although the disease can be reactivated. In some cases the disease progresses, although it does so more slowly than without treatment. These cases are: very aggressive forms such as those found in very young children or adults; Smokers of more than 10 cigarettes per day; Patients with diseases such as diabetes or taking certain medications.
If you are late for periodontal treatment or if your periodontitis can not be controlled, you may have lost some of your teeth as a result of the disease. In this case it is advisable to replace the missing teeth since the loss of teeth can not promote the evolution of periodontitis and decrease the effectiveness of the treatment.
Can I get implants if I have periodontal disease?
Yes. Implants placed in the mouth are subject to the same risk of infection as the teeth. Implants should never be placed without proper control of periodontitis, but once this is achieved, they behave the same as in a patient not affected by the disease.
The best way to achieve a good long-term result of your treatment with implants is to make sure that you do not have periodontal disease or if you are affected, treat it first.
Uncontrolled periodontal disease is associated with certain risks such as increased frequency of preterm births in pregnant patients, impaired bone metabolism following menopause (osteoporosis), poorly controlled diabetes, and increased risk of accidents (Myocardial infarction, stroke, etc.). There are also studies that relate the presence of periodontal disease with alterations in the performance of athletes as a result of decreased muscle capacity, flexibility and speed of physical response.
The best way to replace your teeth is by fixed prosthesis supported by implants. Removable prostheses usually damage the gums and the remaining teeth.